Epigastric fracture (EPIGASTRIC HERNIA)

This allows the fatty tissues or organs within the abdominal cavity, such as intestines, to penetrate and stand out through this weakness under the skin. In most cases, this event results in local discomfort and increased pain during physical exertion. In addition, there is a local aesthetic effect, as there may be a protrusion visible under the skin. Treatment of the rupture is very important, as the hernia, without treatment, will increase over time and cause pain and discomfort. The larger the gap, the harder it will be for the repair and the increased chance of returning the rift even after its repair. An untreated hernia may become involved in the ``confinement`` of abdominal fat tissue or even worse, a bowel. This type of surgery requires immediate emergency repair. Common types of cracks in abdominal plastic surgery Umbilical Hernia The umbilical cord was used in embryonic life as a connecting point between the placenta and the embryo (umbilical cord). When this opening is not completely closed, it will be an area of weakness in the abdominal wall. This fracture is more common in women, especially after pregnancy, due to the increased intra-abdominal pressure created by the pregnancy sac from the inside out. In most umbilical hernia, fat bursts out of the abdominal cavity and causes the navel to ``protrude`` and expand. In cases of large umbilical hernia, the intestines can also penetrate through the opening in the abdominal wall and further extend the protruding sack.
Treatment of the rupture is very important, since the hernia, without treatment, will increase over time and will cause a boycott of pain and discomfort.


This fracture is formed through the connective tissue located in the midline of the abdomen, above the navel. This line is called the ``white line`` (LINEA ALBA) and is a weak point in our body because it does not include the above and below the protective system of the lining of the abdominal wall. This connective tissue, located between the rectified muscles of the abdomen (RECTUS ABDOMINIS MUSCLES), is greatly enlarged in pregnant women due to internal stress. Epigenetic hernias, as well as herniated hernia, even if small in diameter, can cause considerable pain and even incarceration risks requiring urgent surgery.

Hernia in scar surgery (INCISIONAL HERNIA or POVH)

This type of hernia appears in the area of the scar and surgery in the abdominal wall. Scar due to previous abdominal surgery is an area of weakness and therefore common through which the hernia develops. Other causes that may accelerate the development of hernia in the surgical scar: infection in the surgical wound, in obese people (fat tissue is weak tissue), accompanying diseases such as diabetes and taking drugs such as steroids. The surgical hernias are often very large and in many cases have more than one hernia along the scar, so they pose a difficult surgical challenge for effective repair of the problem.

Inguinal Hernia

Hernia is particularly common in men, although it can also occur in women. In men, the crotch canal region is weak from birth. In the groin canal, the cord (cord) passes from the abdominal cavity to the scrotum. The transition area of the sperm between the abdominal cavity and the groin canal is called an inner ring. This is the real weak spot through which the hernia breaks out in about 70% of the cases. This is also the reason why hernia is so common in men.

Other horns

Infancy is very common in the intestine and in the umbilical region. In more common (though relatively rare) women, FEMORAL HERNIA appears under the crotch and tends to complicate incarceration at a very high percentage. It is therefore imperative to analyze femoral hernia as soon as possible.
Tummy tuck surgery changes the body structure and proportion between different parts of the body, even in areas that have not been operated on.

Signs and symptoms

Hernia can be asymptomatic: the patient does not suffer from pain or swelling, and the hernia is revealed only during an examination by an expert surgeon. There is an argument as to whether to analyze asymptomatic hernia. The approach is to analyze only in young people or if the hernia surgery is also needed elsewhere. In most patients, the hernia causes pain in different intensities. When it comes to genital hernia, there may be feelings of pressure, burning or pain in the groin or scrotum. Sometimes it feels as if something has been torn. The pain appears mainly during exertion, lifting of the load, prolonged standing or coughing. Another typical symptom: a bulge in the abdominal wall when standing, coughing or straining, usually disappears while resting and lying down. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important that you consult an expert surgeon in the field of hernia surgery for examination, diagnosis and treatment. Physical examination by a specialist surgeon is the main diagnostic tool. Ultrasound examination of the abdominal wall may assist in diagnosing cases of doubt, but it is insufficient to make a decision on surgery. This test is often accompanied by inaccuracies and therefore surgery may not be decided solely on the basis of ultrasound. Hernia that causes symptoms (swelling, pain, etc.) must be surgically corrected.
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